Current assets typically include cash, inventory, accounts receivable, and other short-term liquid assets. In contrast, plant assets represent long-term property expected to be around for at least a year, often quite a bit longer than that. These assets are significant for any business entity because they’re necessary for running operations. Besides, there is a heavy investment involved to acquire the plant assets for any business entity. The company’s top management regularly monitors the plant assets to assess any deviations, discrepancies, or control requirements to avoid misuse of the plant assets and increase the utility. In the balance sheet of the business entity, these assets are recorded under the head of non-current assets as Plant, property, and equipment.

  1. Hence, we will calculate depreciation proportionately based on the useful lives of the plant assets.
  2. In addition, monetary consideration may affect the amount of gain recognized on the exchange under consideration.
  3. Its accounting definition could be identified in IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment.
  4. When a company buys a new plant asset, it records the cost of the asset in its balance sheet.
  5. Proper recording and classification of plant assets in accounting documents their cost, useful life, and depreciation, showcasing their value in the financial statements.

A plant with a 10-year life may have a value between $10 million and $20 million, depending on how long it will be used and how much maintenance is required to keep it in good working order. Last October, Aldi had an incredible sale on a similar variety of foliage, so it’s clearly worth it to frequently visit your closest store to keep an eye out for this deal. By the time Aldi has another sale, your home will be filled with plants. Green thumb or not, a majority of the houseplants are easy to maintain, since they blossom in a cool environment with indirect lighting and moderate watering.

Examples of noncurrent assets include investments in other companies, intellectual property (e.g. patents), and property, plant and equipment. Accumulated depreciation is an asset account with a credit balance known as a long-term contra asset account that is reported on the balance sheet under the heading Property, Plant and Equipment. Current assets include items such as cash, accounts receivable, and inventory. Property, plant, and equipment – which may also be called fixed assets – encompass land, buildings, and machinery including vehicles. Accurate reporting of plant assets in financial statements is crucial for assessing a company’s financial health, evaluating its asset utilization, and determining its ability to generate future cash flows.

What Is A Plant Asset? Example and More

What these assets all have in common, that also differentiates them from current assets, is that they are not going to turn into cash any time soon and their connection to revenue is indirect. With inventory, we saw a direct match between the cost of the product and the sales revenue. Rent, insurance, and wages are examples of period costs that we match to revenues by posting them to the income statement accounts in the same period as the revenue, using time as our method of matching. When it comes to financial accounting, it is essential to have a clear understanding of plant assets. Plant assets are an integral part of a company’s long-term operations, and their management and accounting play a crucial role in the overall financial health and performance of a business. When a company buys a new plant asset, it records the cost of the asset in its balance sheet.

What Are Plant Assets? Definition & Examples

It is also called a fixed-installment method, as equal amounts of depreciation are charged every year over the useful life of an asset. If you buy a piece of land for $1,000 and then decide to sell it at $2,500, the land will be depreciated over the life of the contract. This is because the price you paid for the property is based on the market value at the time you bought it, not the actual value when you sold it. A plant asset should be recognized at its costs when it fully meets the definition above by IAS 16.


A more appropriate treatment is to remove the cost of the old motor and related depreciation and add the cost of the new motor if possible. The below table shows the different depreciation calculations over 7 years of useful life using four different methods. Here we will use all 4 methods to calculate the machine’s depreciation. Buildings are structures like factories, offices, warehouses, and other places where businesses produce goods or provide services. Founded in 1993, The Motley Fool is a financial services company dedicated to making the world smarter, happier, and richer.


Now we will analyze the difference in the depreciation amounts for all the methods. In the end, be careful to distinguish between asset types both on the balance sheet and in practice. The cost is also functional in that the customer will have to pay for the physical change in location.

Benefits of Integrating a Plant Asset Management Plan

Plant assets, also known as fixed assets, are tangible assets that are used in the production process or to generate revenue for a company over a prolonged period of time. These assets are expected to provide economic benefits to the company beyond the current accounting period. Plant assets are considered non-current assets and are categorized as long-term assets on a company’s balance sheet. Plant assets and the related accumulated depreciation are reported on a company’s balance sheet in the noncurrent asset section entitled property, plant and equipment. Accounting rules also require that the plant assets be reviewed for possible impairment losses.

This is especially important later because the depreciation recorded on the buildings affects reported income, while no depreciation is taken on the land. It is interesting to note that IAS 16 has pointed out that a plant asset purchased for safety or environmental reasons could plant assets qualify as a plant asset even if it does not contribute to revenue. When we look at the threads, they are used in the sewing machine and end up being part of the final product that is then sold. A roll of fabric is transformed into a dress, so it is not a fixed asset either.

In the initial years of the asset, the amount of depreciation expense is higher and decreases as time passes. Property, plant, and equipment are recorded in a company’s balance sheet and need to be calculated appropriately. Determining the cost of constructing a new building is often more difficult. Usually this cost includes architect’s fees; building permits; payments to contractors; and the cost of digging the foundation. Also included are labor and materials to build the building; salaries of officers supervising the construction; and insurance, taxes, and interest during the construction period. Any miscellaneous amounts earned from the building during construction reduce the cost of the building.

In the financial world, everything that a firm has and uses in production is called assets. Over time, plant assets lose value, and this decline refers to depreciation. Companies depreciate an asset by dividing its purchase cost throughout its useful life, i.e., until the asset benefits the company. Depreciation helps to accurately show the asset’s reduced value and plan for its replacement when the value becomes zero. Current assets are expected to be used within a year or short-term time frame.

In accounting terms, plant assets are classified as non-current assets on the balance sheet. They are distinguished from current assets, such as cash and inventory, which are expected to be converted into cash within a year or the operating cycle of a business. Plant assets are a group of assets used in an industrial process, such as a foundry, factory, or workshop. These assets are a subset of the fixed assets classification, which includes such other asset types as vehicles, office equipment, and intangible assets.

Plant assets (other than land) are depreciated over their useful lives and each year’s depreciation is credited to a contra asset account Accumulated Depreciation. An asset, on the other hand, is an intangible asset such as a building or a piece of land. For example, if you buy a house, you can use it to live in, but you cannot use the house to make a profit. If you picture a business as a process that creates wealth for the owners, PP&E are the physical machine. Left by themselves, PP&E just sit there, but put into action by people with energy and purpose, they become a money-making machine.

As the fixed assets last longer, the expenses are divided over the item until they’re useful. Plant assets can take various forms depending on the nature of a company’s operations. Some common examples of plant assets include land, buildings, machinery, equipment, vehicles, furniture, and fixtures. These assets are essential for a company’s day-to-day operations and contribute to its overall productivity and profitability. A plant asset is an asset with a useful life of more than one year that is used in producing revenues in a business’s operations.